Activity
    • 2 Sep 2020

    Multiple Systems Working Together Prevent Tank Overfill Disasters

    In Hydrocarbon Engineering’s Tanks & Terminals Supplement , Emerson’s Helena Hjortsberg looks at all the elements of a comprehensive overfill prevention system in her article, A Coordinated Strategy. Overfilling a tank storing hydrocarbons or other flammable chemicals can cause an environmental incident under the best circumstances, but also a high probability of an explosion and fire. Given the costs in lost product...
    • 31 Aug 2020

    Hydrogen Sulfide in Paper Mills: Find it Before it Finds You

    In a Paper360 magazine article, Wireless Sensors Improve Toxic Gas Mitigation in P&P Mills, Emerson’s Bill Francis explains how workers can avoid nasty surprises. TV shows add drama saying their stories are “ripped from the headlines,” meaning they’re based on real-world people and events. Sometimes the same thing can happen with articles. The real-world story in this case was a report from Australia about two maintenance...
    • 30 Apr 2020

    Cybersecurity Considerations for Automation Architectures

    Sergio Diaz Alexandre Peixoto Automation architectures extend beyond the instrumentation and control systems to safety instrumented systems, asset management systems, manufacturing execution systems, and more. All these systems and devices must be considered in managing strong cyber defenses. In an Industrial Safety and Security Source article, Considerations in Choosing a Defendable Safety System Architecture...
    • 21 Feb 2020

    Safety Shower and Location Awareness Wireless Monitoring

    Marcio Donnangelo In an earlier post, How Digital Transformation Can Impact Compliance for Environmental and Safety Regulation , I shared some safety examples. Emerson’s Marcio Donnangelo explored specific examples more deeply in his 2020 4C HSE conference presentation, Safety Showers and Location Awareness – Improving Safety with Wireless Monitoring. Marcio opened describing three ways to help create a safe environment...
    • 21 Jan 2020

    Self-Contained Hydraulic Emergency Shutdown System

    Sergio Vaz Lopes A safety instrumented function (SIF) in a safety instrumented system (SIS) contains a sensor, logic solver and final element. All must function properly in the event of a safety demand to take the process into a safe state in coordination with other SIFs. The final element consists of several parts including the isolation valve, actuator, pressure pilots, test valves and other components as required...
    • 21 Jan 2020

    Self-Contained Hydraulic Emergency Shutdown System

    Sergio Vaz Lopes A safety instrumented function (SIF) in a safety instrumented system (SIS) contains a sensor, logic solver and final element. All must function properly in the event of a safety demand to take the process into a safe state in coordination with other SIFs. The final element consists of several parts including the isolation valve, actuator, pressure pilots, test valves and other components as required...
    • 20 Jan 2020

    Non-contacting Radar for Automatic Tank Gauging and Overfill Prevention Systems

    Bulk liquid storage tanks often contain fluids that are hazardous, flammable and/or explosive. These tanks require not only a control system to control levels but and overfill prevention system (OPS) as layer of protection beyond the control system. This basic process control system (BPCS) is commonly referred to as an automatic tank gauging (ATG) system and the OPS is the safety instrumented system (SIS). A Fluid...
    • 20 Jan 2020

    Non-contacting Radar for Automatic Tank Gauging and Overfill Prevention Systems

    Bulk liquid storage tanks often contain fluids that are hazardous, flammable and/or explosive. These tanks require not only a control system to control levels but and overfill prevention system (OPS) as layer of protection beyond the control system. This basic process control system (BPCS) is commonly referred to as an automatic tank gauging (ATG) system and the OPS is the safety instrumented system (SIS). A Fluid...
    • 20 Jan 2020

    Non-contacting Radar for Automatic Tank Gauging and Overfill Prevention Systems

    Bulk liquid storage tanks often contain fluids that are hazardous, flammable and/or explosive. These tanks require not only a control system to control levels but and overfill prevention system (OPS) as layer of protection beyond the control system. This basic process control system (BPCS) is commonly referred to as an automatic tank gauging (ATG) system and the OPS is the safety instrumented system (SIS). A Fluid...
    • 8 Jan 2020

    Understanding Functional Safety Concepts and Final Element Suitability

    Riyaz Ali The world of functional safety has its own tribal language and acronyms, e.g. safety instrumented systems (SISs), safety instrumented functions (SIFs), logic solvers, final elements (FEs), safety integrity level (SIL), probability of failure on demand (PFD), etc. In a Hydrocarbon Engineering article, Keep in the Safety Loop , Emerson’s Riyaz Ali does an excellent job of defining and demystifying these phrases...
    • 23 Oct 2019

    Approaches to Partial Stroke Testing Safety Valves

    The safety valve within a safety instrumented function (SIF) must be tested regularly to help assure proper operation in the event of a safety demand. Operators usually perform an offline full stroke test during a scheduled shutdown because of the impact of this test on the process. But when a SIF (a.k.a. safety loop) requires more frequent testing, users can perform a partial stroke test (PST) , per the global IEC 61511...
    • 23 Oct 2019

    Approaches to Partial Stroke Testing Safety Valves

    The safety valve within a safety instrumented function (SIF) must be tested regularly to help assure proper operation in the event of a safety demand. Operators usually perform an offline full stroke test during a scheduled shutdown because of the impact of this test on the process. But when a SIF (a.k.a. safety loop) requires more frequent testing, users can perform a partial stroke test (PST) , per the global IEC 61511...
    • 23 Oct 2019

    Approaches to Partial Stroke Testing Safety Valves

    The safety valve within a safety instrumented function (SIF) must be tested regularly to help assure proper operation in the event of a safety demand. Operators usually perform an offline full stroke test during a scheduled shutdown because of the impact of this test on the process. But when a SIF (a.k.a. safety loop) requires more frequent testing, users can perform a partial stroke test (PST) , per the global IEC 61511...
    • 25 Sep 2019

    Safety Instrumented System Cybersecurity Best Practices

    Emerson’s Sergio Diaz and Alexandre Peixoto presented Best Practices for a Cybersecure SIS at the 2019 Emerson Exchange conference. Sergio opened that the goal of this presentation is to provide practical information to maintain a more defendable security posture for safety instrumented systems (SISs) . Like control systems, defense in depth is an important concept for an SIS. It starts at plant level security, work...
    • 30 Aug 2019

    Security for Safety System Logic Solvers-Physical Key Switches and Software Locks

    Sergio Diaz Author: Sergio Diaz As a product marketing manager for DeltaV safety instrumented systems (SIS) , I have been asked a few times why the key switch on the CHARMs Smart Logic Solver (CSLS) does not control the lock state as is common with many safety controllers. DeltaV CHARMs Smart Logic Solver (CSLS) The next question is, “Why does the user still need to lock the CSLS via software?” The reason is...
    • 16 Jul 2019

    Reducing Level Detector Proof Testing Complexity

    Each safety instrumented function (SIF) including its sensor, logic solver and final control element must be periodically tested to make sure it will perform as designed in the event of a safety demand. These “proof tests” help to uncover and failure conditions which may have developed since the last proof test or safety demand. A new whitepaper, Reducing the Complexity of Proof-Testing with New Generation Point Level...
    • 16 Jul 2019

    Reducing Level Detector Proof Testing Complexity

    Each safety instrumented function (SIF) including its sensor, logic solver and final control element must be periodically tested to make sure it will perform as designed in the event of a safety demand. These “proof tests” help to uncover and failure conditions which may have developed since the last proof test or safety demand. A new whitepaper, Reducing the Complexity of Proof-Testing with New Generation Point Level...
    • 16 Jul 2019

    Reducing Level Detector Proof Testing Complexity

    Each safety instrumented function (SIF) including its sensor, logic solver and final control element must be periodically tested to make sure it will perform as designed in the event of a safety demand. These “proof tests” help to uncover and failure conditions which may have developed since the last proof test or safety demand. A new whitepaper, Reducing the Complexity of Proof-Testing with New Generation Point Level...
    • 19 Jun 2019

    Cybersecurity Considerations in Safety Instrumented System Architectures

    Sergio Diaz Alexandre Peixoto Safety instrumented systems (SIS), which are designed to take the process to a safe state in trip conditions, come in several architectures with the basic process control system (BPCS). The SIS and BPCS can be totally separate, interfaced or integrated, yet separate. While the debate on which approach is best has been going on for a long time, what are they cybersecurity considerations...
    • 6 May 2019

    Storage Tank Overfill Protection

    Lydia Miller AnnCharlott Enberg Preventing overfill conditions in tanks and vessels is a job for safety instrumented systems across many industries. In a Flow Control article, A Systemic Approach to Storage Tank Overfill Protection , Emerson’s Lydia Miller and AnnCharlott Enberg describe the key components in a comprehensive tank management system to meet the safety requirements for the application. Lydia and AnnCharlott...
    • 22 Apr 2019

    Remote Proof Testing Safety Level Switches

    One of the necessities in managing safety instrumented systems throughout the IEC 61511 safety lifecycle is to perform periodic proof tests on the components in a safety instrumented function to verify proper function. A short 2:44 YouTube video, How to Remotely Proof-Test the Rosemount 2140:SIS shows how this proof testing can be performed remotely for safety level switches to save time & costs and reduce risk. ...
    • 6 Feb 2019

    Integrated versus Separate Control and Safety

    Panelists at a session at the 2019 ARC Industry Forum , Safety Systems: Integrated versus Not? Does It Really Matter?, set out to discuss the pros and cons of the approaches and how they accommodate different risk factors. ARC Advisory Group’s Mark Sen Gupta moderated this panel which included executives from Air Products & Chemicals, Dow Chemical, Chevron Energy Technology, and exida. Mark covers the process safety...
    • 6 Feb 2019

    Integrated versus Separate Control and Safety

    Panelists at a session at the 2019 ARC Industry Forum , Safety Systems: Integrated versus Not? Does It Really Matter?, set out to discuss the pros and cons of the approaches and how they accommodate different risk factors. ARC Advisory Group’s Mark Sen Gupta moderated this panel which included executives from Air Products & Chemicals, Dow Chemical, Chevron Energy Technology, and exida. Mark covers the process safety...
    • 20 Dec 2018

    Simplifying Safety Instrumented System Modernization Projects

    One of my first assignments as a newly minted Electrical Engineer was to tend to a triple modular redundant (TMR) safety instrumented system (SIS) on an offshore Gulf of Mexico oil & gas gathering facility. This was back in the 1980s when these systems were introduced. Many manufacturers and producers have these older safety systems that have been in operation for decades. I mention this since I received a note from...
    • 20 Dec 2018

    Simplifying Safety Instrumented System Modernization Projects

    One of my first assignments as a newly minted Electrical Engineer was to tend to a triple modular redundant (TMR) safety instrumented system (SIS) on an offshore Gulf of Mexico oil & gas gathering facility. This was back in the 1980s when these systems were introduced. Many manufacturers and producers have these older safety systems that have been in operation for decades. I mention this since I received a note from...